Models, code, and papers for "Lingjia Liu":

Learn to Demodulate: MIMO-OFDM Symbol Detection through Downlink Pilots

Jun 25, 2019
Zhou Zhou, Lingjia Liu, Hao-Hsuan Chang

Reservoir computing (RC) is a special neural network which consists of a fixed high dimensional feature mapping and trained readout weights. In this paper, we consider a new RC structure for MIMO-OFDM symbol detection, namely windowed echo state network (WESN). It is introduced by adding buffers in input layers which brings an enhanced short-term memory (STM) of the underlying neural network through our theoretical proof. A unified training framework is developed for the WESN MIMO-OFDM symbol detector using both comb and scattered pilot patterns, where the utilized pilots are compatible with the structure adopted in 3GPP LTE/LTE-Advanced systems. Complexity analysis reveals the advantages of the WESN based symbol detector over the state-of-the-art symbol detectors such as the linear the minimum mean square error (LMMSE) detection and the sphere decoder when the system is employed with a large number of OFDM sub-carriers. Numerical evaluations corroborate that the improvement of the STM introduced by the WESN can significantly improve the symbol detection performance as well as effectively mitigate model mismatch effects as opposed to existing methods.


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Big Data Meet Cyber-Physical Systems: A Panoramic Survey

Oct 29, 2018
Rachad Atat, Lingjia Liu, Jinsong Wu, Guangyu Li, Chunxuan Ye, Yang Yi

The world is witnessing an unprecedented growth of cyber-physical systems (CPS), which are foreseen to revolutionize our world {via} creating new services and applications in a variety of sectors such as environmental monitoring, mobile-health systems, intelligent transportation systems and so on. The {information and communication technology }(ICT) sector is experiencing a significant growth in { data} traffic, driven by the widespread usage of smartphones, tablets and video streaming, along with the significant growth of sensors deployments that are anticipated in the near future. {It} is expected to outstandingly increase the growth rate of raw sensed data. In this paper, we present the CPS taxonomy {via} providing a broad overview of data collection, storage, access, processing and analysis. Compared with other survey papers, this is the first panoramic survey on big data for CPS, where our objective is to provide a panoramic summary of different CPS aspects. Furthermore, CPS {require} cybersecurity to protect {them} against malicious attacks and unauthorized intrusion, which {become} a challenge with the enormous amount of data that is continuously being generated in the network. {Thus, we also} provide an overview of the different security solutions proposed for CPS big data storage, access and analytics. We also discuss big data meeting green challenges in the contexts of CPS.


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Distributive Dynamic Spectrum Access through Deep Reinforcement Learning: A Reservoir Computing Based Approach

Oct 28, 2018
Hao-Hsuan Chang, Hao Song, Yang Yi, Jianzhong Zhang, Haibo He, Lingjia Liu

Dynamic spectrum access (DSA) is regarded as an effective and efficient technology to share radio spectrum among different networks. As a secondary user (SU), a DSA device will face two critical problems: avoiding causing harmful interference to primary users (PUs), and conducting effective interference coordination with other secondary users. These two problems become even more challenging for a distributed DSA network where there is no centralized controllers for SUs. In this paper, we investigate communication strategies of a distributive DSA network under the presence of spectrum sensing errors. To be specific, we apply the powerful machine learning tool, deep reinforcement learning (DRL), for SUs to learn "appropriate" spectrum access strategies in a distributed fashion assuming NO knowledge of the underlying system statistics. Furthermore, a special type of recurrent neural network (RNN), called the reservoir computing (RC), is utilized to realize DRL by taking advantage of the underlying temporal correlation of the DSA network. Using the introduced machine learning-based strategy, SUs could make spectrum access decisions distributedly relying only on their own current and past spectrum sensing outcomes. Through extensive experiments, our results suggest that the RC-based spectrum access strategy can help the SU to significantly reduce the chances of collision with PUs and other SUs. We also show that our scheme outperforms the myopic method which assumes the knowledge of system statistics, and converges faster than the Q-learning method when the number of channels is large.

* This work is accepted in IEEE IoT Journal 2018 

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