Models, code, and papers for "Zelin Wu":

Improving Performance of End-to-End ASR on Numeric Sequences

Jul 01, 2019
Cal Peyser, Hao Zhang, Tara N. Sainath, Zelin Wu

Recognizing written domain numeric utterances (e.g. I need $1.25.) can be challenging for ASR systems, particularly when numeric sequences are not seen during training. This out-of-vocabulary (OOV) issue is addressed in conventional ASR systems by training part of the model on spoken domain utterances (e.g. I need one dollar and twenty five cents.), for which numeric sequences are composed of in-vocabulary numbers, and then using an FST verbalizer to denormalize the result. Unfortunately, conventional ASR models are not suitable for the low memory setting of on-device speech recognition. E2E models such as RNN-T are attractive for on-device ASR, as they fold the AM, PM and LM of a conventional model into one neural network. However, in the on-device setting the large memory footprint of an FST denormer makes spoken domain training more difficult. In this paper, we investigate techniques to improve E2E model performance on numeric data. We find that using a text-to-speech system to generate additional numeric training data, as well as using a small-footprint neural network to perform spoken-to-written domain denorming, yields improvement in several numeric classes. In the case of the longest numeric sequences, we see reduction of WER by up to a factor of 8.

  Access Model/Code and Paper
Speech Recognition with Augmented Synthesized Speech

Sep 25, 2019
Andrew Rosenberg, Yu Zhang, Bhuvana Ramabhadran, Ye Jia, Pedro Moreno, Yonghui Wu, Zelin Wu

Recent success of the Tacotron speech synthesis architecture and its variants in producing natural sounding multi-speaker synthesized speech has raised the exciting possibility of replacing expensive, manually transcribed, domain-specific, human speech that is used to train speech recognizers. The multi-speaker speech synthesis architecture can learn latent embedding spaces of prosody, speaker and style variations derived from input acoustic representations thereby allowing for manipulation of the synthesized speech. In this paper, we evaluate the feasibility of enhancing speech recognition performance using speech synthesis using two corpora from different domains. We explore algorithms to provide the necessary acoustic and lexical diversity needed for robust speech recognition. Finally, we demonstrate the feasibility of this approach as a data augmentation strategy for domain-transfer. We find that improvements to speech recognition performance is achievable by augmenting training data with synthesized material. However, there remains a substantial gap in performance between recognizers trained on human speech those trained on synthesized speech.

* Accepted for publication at ASRU 2020 

  Access Model/Code and Paper
VoiceFilter: Targeted Voice Separation by Speaker-Conditioned Spectrogram Masking

Oct 27, 2018
Quan Wang, Hannah Muckenhirn, Kevin Wilson, Prashant Sridhar, Zelin Wu, John Hershey, Rif A. Saurous, Ron J. Weiss, Ye Jia, Ignacio Lopez Moreno

In this paper, we present a novel system that separates the voice of a target speaker from multi-speaker signals, by making use of a reference signal from the target speaker. We achieve this by training two separate neural networks: (1) A speaker recognition network that produces speaker-discriminative embeddings; (2) A spectrogram masking network that takes both noisy spectrogram and speaker embedding as input, and produces a mask. Our system significantly reduces the speech recognition WER on multi-speaker signals, with minimal WER degradation on single-speaker signals.

* To be submitted to ICASSP 2019 

  Access Model/Code and Paper
Lingvo: a Modular and Scalable Framework for Sequence-to-Sequence Modeling

Feb 21, 2019
Jonathan Shen, Patrick Nguyen, Yonghui Wu, Zhifeng Chen, Mia X. Chen, Ye Jia, Anjuli Kannan, Tara Sainath, Yuan Cao, Chung-Cheng Chiu, Yanzhang He, Jan Chorowski, Smit Hinsu, Stella Laurenzo, James Qin, Orhan Firat, Wolfgang Macherey, Suyog Gupta, Ankur Bapna, Shuyuan Zhang, Ruoming Pang, Ron J. Weiss, Rohit Prabhavalkar, Qiao Liang, Benoit Jacob, Bowen Liang, HyoukJoong Lee, Ciprian Chelba, Sébastien Jean, Bo Li, Melvin Johnson, Rohan Anil, Rajat Tibrewal, Xiaobing Liu, Akiko Eriguchi, Navdeep Jaitly, Naveen Ari, Colin Cherry, Parisa Haghani, Otavio Good, Youlong Cheng, Raziel Alvarez, Isaac Caswell, Wei-Ning Hsu, Zongheng Yang, Kuan-Chieh Wang, Ekaterina Gonina, Katrin Tomanek, Ben Vanik, Zelin Wu, Llion Jones, Mike Schuster, Yanping Huang, Dehao Chen, Kazuki Irie, George Foster, John Richardson, Klaus Macherey, Antoine Bruguier, Heiga Zen, Colin Raffel, Shankar Kumar, Kanishka Rao, David Rybach, Matthew Murray, Vijayaditya Peddinti, Maxim Krikun, Michiel A. U. Bacchiani, Thomas B. Jablin, Rob Suderman, Ian Williams, Benjamin Lee, Deepti Bhatia, Justin Carlson, Semih Yavuz, Yu Zhang, Ian McGraw, Max Galkin, Qi Ge, Golan Pundak, Chad Whipkey, Todd Wang, Uri Alon, Dmitry Lepikhin, Ye Tian, Sara Sabour, William Chan, Shubham Toshniwal, Baohua Liao, Michael Nirschl, Pat Rondon

Lingvo is a Tensorflow framework offering a complete solution for collaborative deep learning research, with a particular focus towards sequence-to-sequence models. Lingvo models are composed of modular building blocks that are flexible and easily extensible, and experiment configurations are centralized and highly customizable. Distributed training and quantized inference are supported directly within the framework, and it contains existing implementations of a large number of utilities, helper functions, and the newest research ideas. Lingvo has been used in collaboration by dozens of researchers in more than 20 papers over the last two years. This document outlines the underlying design of Lingvo and serves as an introduction to the various pieces of the framework, while also offering examples of advanced features that showcase the capabilities of the framework.

  Access Model/Code and Paper
Super-resolution Reconstruction of SAR Image based on Non-Local Means Denoising Combined with BP Neural Network

Dec 14, 2016
Zeling Wu, Haoxiang Wang

In this article, we propose a super-resolution method to resolve the problem of image low spatial because of the limitation of imaging devices. We make use of the strong non-linearity mapped ability of the back-propagation neural networks(BPNN). Training sample images are got by undersampled method. The elements chose as the inputs of the BPNN are pixels referred to Non-local means(NL-Means). Making use of the self-similarity of the images, those inputs are the pixels which are pixels gained from modified NL-means which is specific for super-resolution. Besides, small change on core function of NL-means has been applied in the method we use in this article so that we can have a clearer edge in the shrunk image. Experimental results gained from the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio(PSNR) and the Equivalent Number of Look(ENL), indicate that adding the similar pixels as inputs will increase the results than not taking them into consideration.

  Access Model/Code and Paper
3D Objectness Estimation via Bottom-up Regret Grouping

Dec 05, 2019
Zelin Ye, Yan Hao, Liang Xu, Rui Zhu, Cewu Lu

3D objectness estimation, namely discovering semantic objects from 3D scene, is a challenging and significant task in 3D understanding. In this paper, we propose a 3D objectness method working in a bottom-up manner. Beginning with over-segmented 3D segments, we iteratively group them into object proposals by learning an ingenious grouping predictor to determine whether two 3D segments can be grouped or not. To enhance robustness, a novel regret mechanism is presented to withdraw incorrect grouping operations. Hence the irreparable consequences brought by mistaken grouping in prior bottom-up works can be greatly reduced. Our experiments show that our method outperforms state-of-the-art 3D objectness methods with a small number of proposals in two difficult datasets, GMU-kitchen and CTD. Further ablation study also demonstrates the effectiveness of our grouping predictor and regret mechanism.

  Access Model/Code and Paper
Estimating 6D Pose From Localizing Designated Surface Keypoints

Dec 04, 2018
Zelin Zhao, Gao Peng, Haoyu Wang, Hao-Shu Fang, Chengkun Li, Cewu Lu

In this paper, we present an accurate yet effective solution for 6D pose estimation from an RGB image. The core of our approach is that we first designate a set of surface points on target object model as keypoints and then train a keypoint detector (KPD) to localize them. Finally a PnP algorithm can recover the 6D pose according to the 2D-3D relationship of keypoints. Different from recent state-of-the-art CNN-based approaches that rely on a time-consuming post-processing procedure, our method can achieve competitive accuracy without any refinement after pose prediction. Meanwhile, we obtain a 30% relative improvement in terms of ADD accuracy among methods without using refinement. Moreover, we succeed in handling heavy occlusion by selecting the most confident keypoints to recover the 6D pose. For the sake of reproducibility, we will make our code and models publicly available soon.

  Access Model/Code and Paper