We combine generative adversarial network (GAN) with light microscopy to achieve deep learning super-resolution under a large field of view (FOV). By appropriately adopting prior microscopy data in an adversarial training, the neural network can recover a high-resolution, accurate image of new specimen from its single low-resolution measurement. Its capacity has been broadly demonstrated via imaging various types of samples, such as USAF resolution target, human pathological slides, fluorescence-labelled fibroblast cells, and deep tissues in transgenic mouse brain, by both wide-field and light-sheet microscopes. The gigapixel, multi-color reconstruction of these samples verifies a successful GAN-based single image super-resolution procedure. We also propose an image degrading model to generate low resolution images for training, making our approach free from the complex image registration during training dataset preparation. After a welltrained network being created, this deep learning-based imaging approach is capable of recovering a large FOV (~95 mm2), high-resolution (~1.7 {\mu}m) image at high speed (within 1 second), while not necessarily introducing any changes to the setup of existing microscopes. Click to Read Paper