Research papers and code for "Dinh Thai Hoang":
With conventional anti-jamming solutions like frequency hopping or spread spectrum, legitimate transceivers often tend to "escape" or "hide" themselves from jammers. These reactive anti-jamming approaches are constrained by the lack of timely knowledge of jamming attacks. Bringing together the latest advances in neural network architectures and ambient backscattering communications, this work allows wireless nodes to effectively "face" the jammer by first learning its jamming strategy, then adapting the rate or transmitting information right on the jamming signal. Specifically, to deal with unknown jamming attacks, existing work often relies on reinforcement learning algorithms, e.g., Q-learning. However, the Q-learning algorithm is notorious for its slow convergence to the optimal policy, especially when the system state and action spaces are large. This makes the Q-learning algorithm pragmatically inapplicable. To overcome this problem, we design a novel deep reinforcement learning algorithm using the recent dueling neural network architecture. Our proposed algorithm allows the transmitter to effectively learn about the jammer and attain the optimal countermeasures thousand times faster than that of the conventional Q-learning algorithm. Through extensive simulation results, we show that our design (using ambient backscattering and the deep dueling neural network architecture) can improve the average throughput by up to 426% and reduce the packet loss by 24%. By augmenting the ambient backscattering capability on devices and using our algorithm, it is interesting to observe that the (successful) transmission rate increases with the jamming power. Our proposed solution can find its applications in both civil (e.g., ultra-reliable and low-latency communications or URLLC) and military scenarios (to combat both inadvertent and deliberate jamming).

* 30 pages, 13 figures, journal paper
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Effective network slicing requires an infrastructure/network provider to deal with the uncertain demand and real-time dynamics of network resource requests. Another challenge is the combinatorial optimization of numerous resources, e.g., radio, computing, and storage. This article develops an optimal and fast real-time resource slicing framework that maximizes the long-term return of the network provider while taking into account the uncertainty of resource demand from tenants. Specifically, we first propose a novel system model which enables the network provider to effectively slice various types of resources to different classes of users under separate virtual slices. We then capture the real-time arrival of slice requests by a semi-Markov decision process. To obtain the optimal resource allocation policy under the dynamics of slicing requests, e.g., uncertain service time and resource demands, a Q-learning algorithm is often adopted in the literature. However, such an algorithm is notorious for its slow convergence, especially for problems with large state/action spaces. This makes Q-learning practically inapplicable to our case in which multiple resources are simultaneously optimized. To tackle it, we propose a novel network slicing approach with an advanced deep learning architecture, called deep dueling that attains the optimal average reward much faster than the conventional Q-learning algorithm. This property is especially desirable to cope with real-time resource requests and the dynamic demands of users. Extensive simulations show that the proposed framework yields up to 40% higher long-term average return while being few thousand times faster, compared with state of the art network slicing approaches.

* 16 pages, 14 figures, journal
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With the rapid growth of mobile applications and cloud computing, mobile cloud computing has attracted great interest from both academia and industry. However, mobile cloud applications are facing security issues such as data integrity, users' confidentiality, and service availability. A preventive approach to such problems is to detect and isolate cyber threats before they can cause serious impacts to the mobile cloud computing system. In this paper, we propose a novel framework that leverages a deep learning approach to detect cyberattacks in mobile cloud environment. Through experimental results, we show that our proposed framework not only recognizes diverse cyberattacks, but also achieves a high accuracy (up to 97.11%) in detecting the attacks. Furthermore, we present the comparisons with current machine learning-based approaches to demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed solution.

* 6 pages, 3 figures, 1 table, WCNC 2018 conference
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Ambient backscatter has been introduced with a wide range of applications for low power wireless communications. In this article, we propose an optimal and low-complexity dynamic spectrum access framework for RF-powered ambient backscatter system. In this system, the secondary transmitter not only harvests energy from ambient signals (from incumbent users), but also backscatters these signals to its receiver for data transmission. Under the dynamics of the ambient signals, we first adopt the Markov decision process (MDP) framework to obtain the optimal policy for the secondary transmitter, aiming to maximize the system throughput. However, the MDP-based optimization requires complete knowledge of environment parameters, e.g., the probability of a channel to be idle and the probability of a successful packet transmission, that may not be practical to obtain. To cope with such incomplete knowledge of the environment, we develop a low-complexity online reinforcement learning algorithm that allows the secondary transmitter to "learn" from its decisions and then attain the optimal policy. Simulation results show that the proposed learning algorithm not only efficiently deals with the dynamics of the environment, but also improves the average throughput up to 50% and reduces the blocking probability and delay up to 80% compared with conventional methods.

* 30 pages, 9 figures, journal paper
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This paper presents a comprehensive literature review on applications of deep reinforcement learning in communications and networking. Modern networks, e.g., Internet of Things (IoT) and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) networks, become more decentralized and autonomous. In such networks, network entities need to make decisions locally to maximize the network performance under uncertainty of network environment. Reinforcement learning has been efficiently used to enable the network entities to obtain the optimal policy including, e.g., decisions or actions, given their states when the state and action spaces are small. However, in complex and large-scale networks, the state and action spaces are usually large, and the reinforcement learning may not be able to find the optimal policy in reasonable time. Therefore, deep reinforcement learning, a combination of reinforcement learning with deep learning, has been developed to overcome the shortcomings. In this survey, we first give a tutorial of deep reinforcement learning from fundamental concepts to advanced models. Then, we review deep reinforcement learning approaches proposed to address emerging issues in communications and networking. The issues include dynamic network access, data rate control, wireless caching, data offloading, network security, and connectivity preservation which are all important to next generation networks such as 5G and beyond. Furthermore, we present applications of deep reinforcement learning for traffic routing, resource sharing, and data collection. Finally, we highlight important challenges, open issues, and future research directions of applying deep reinforcement learning.

* 37 pages, 13 figures, 6 tables, 174 reference papers
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