Models, code, and papers for "Douglas Davis":
Machine learning is an important research area in particle physics, beginning with applications to high-level physics analysis in the 1990s and 2000s, followed by an explosion of applications in particle and event identification and reconstruction in the 2010s. In this document we discuss promising future research and development areas in machine learning in particle physics with a roadmap for their implementation, software and hardware resource requirements, collaborative initiatives with the data science community, academia and industry, and training the particle physics community in data science. The main objective of the document is to connect and motivate these areas of research and development with the physics drivers of the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider and future neutrino experiments and identify the resource needs for their implementation. Additionally we identify areas where collaboration with external communities will be of great benefit.
Proximal based algorithms are well-suited to nonsmooth optimization problems with important applications in signal processing, control theory, statistics and machine learning. There are essentially four basic types of proximal algorithms based on fixed-point iteration currently known: forward-backward splitting, forward-backward-forward or Tseng splitting, Douglas-Rachford, and the very recent Davis-Yin three-operator splitting. In addition, the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is also closely related. In this paper, we show that all these different methods can be derived from the gradient flow by using splitting methods for ordinary differential equations. Furthermore, applying similar discretization scheme to a particular second order differential equation results in accelerated variants of the respective algorithm, which can be of Nesterov or heavy ball type, although we treat both simultaneously. Many of the optimization algorithms we derive are new. For instance, we propose accelerated variants of Davis-Yin and two extensions of ADMM together with their accelerated variants. Interestingly, we show that (accelerated) ADMM corresponds to a rebalanced splitting which is a recent technique designed to preserve steady states of the differential equation. Overall, our results strengthen the connections between optimization and continuous dynamical systems and offer a more unified perspective on accelerated methods.