Models, code, and papers for "Yalin Wang":

Geometric Brain Surface Network For Brain Cortical Parcellation

Sep 13, 2019
Wen Zhang, Yalin Wang

A large number of surface-based analyses on brain imaging data adopt some specific brain atlases to better assess structural and functional changes in one or more brain regions. In these analyses, it is necessary to obtain an anatomically correct surface parcellation scheme in an individual brain by referring to the given atlas. Traditional ways to accomplish this goal are through a designed surface-based registration or hand-crafted surface features, although both of them are time-consuming. A recent deep learning approach depends on a regular spherical parameterization of the mesh, which is computationally prohibitive in some cases and may also demand further post-processing to refine the network output. Therefore, an accurate and fully-automatic cortical surface parcellation scheme directly working on the original brain surfaces would be highly advantageous. In this study, we propose an end-to-end deep brain cortical parcellation network, called \textbf{DBPN}. Through intrinsic and extrinsic graph convolution kernels, DBPN dynamically deciphers neighborhood graph topology around each vertex and encodes the deciphered knowledge into node features. Eventually, a non-linear mapping between the node features and parcellation labels is constructed. Our model is a two-stage deep network which contains a coarse parcellation network with a U-shape structure and a refinement network to fine-tune the coarse results. We evaluate our model in a large public dataset and our work achieves superior performance than state-of-the-art baseline methods in both accuracy and efficiency

* GLMI in Conjunction with MICCAI 2019 
* 8 pages 

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Regularized Wasserstein Means Based on Variational Transportation

Dec 02, 2018
Liang Mi, Wen Zhang, Yalin Wang

We raise the problem of regularizing Wasserstein means and propose several terms tailored to tackle different problems. Our formulation is based on variational transportation to distribute a sparse discrete measure into the target domain without mass splitting. The resulting sparse representation well captures the desired property of the domain while maintaining a small reconstruction error. We demonstrate the scalability and robustness of our method with examples of domain adaptation and skeleton layout.

* Comments are welcomed 

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Dynamically Hierarchy Revolution: DirNet for Compressing Recurrent Neural Network on Mobile Devices

Jun 08, 2018
Jie Zhang, Xiaolong Wang, Dawei Li, Yalin Wang

Recurrent neural networks (RNNs) achieve cutting-edge performance on a variety of problems. However, due to their high computational and memory demands, deploying RNNs on resource constrained mobile devices is a challenging task. To guarantee minimum accuracy loss with higher compression rate and driven by the mobile resource requirement, we introduce a novel model compression approach DirNet based on an optimized fast dictionary learning algorithm, which 1) dynamically mines the dictionary atoms of the projection dictionary matrix within layer to adjust the compression rate 2) adaptively changes the sparsity of sparse codes cross the hierarchical layers. Experimental results on language model and an ASR model trained with a 1000h speech dataset demonstrate that our method significantly outperforms prior approaches. Evaluated on off-the-shelf mobile devices, we are able to reduce the size of original model by eight times with real-time model inference and negligible accuracy loss.

* Accepted by IJCAI-ECAI 2018 

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Graph Neural Networks for User Identity Linkage

Mar 06, 2019
Wen Zhang, Kai Shu, Huan Liu, Yalin Wang

The increasing popularity and diversity of social media sites has encouraged more and more people to participate in multiple online social networks to enjoy their services. Each user may create a user identity to represent his or her unique public figure in every social network. User identity linkage across online social networks is an emerging task and has attracted increasing attention, which could potentially impact various domains such as recommendations and link predictions. The majority of existing work focuses on mining network proximity or user profile data for discovering user identity linkages. With the recent advancements in graph neural networks (GNNs), it provides great potential to advance user identity linkage since users are connected in social graphs, and learning latent factors of users and items is the key. However, predicting user identity linkages based on GNNs faces challenges. For example, the user social graphs encode both \textit{local} structure such as users' neighborhood signals, and \textit{global} structure with community properties. To address these challenges simultaneously, in this paper, we present a novel graph neural network framework ({\m}) for user identity linkage. In particular, we provide a principled approach to jointly capture local and global information in the user-user social graph and propose the framework {\m}, which jointly learning user representations for user identity linkage. Extensive experiments on real-world datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework.

* 7 pages, 3 figures 

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Variational Wasserstein Clustering

Jul 26, 2018
Liang Mi, Wen Zhang, Xianfeng Gu, Yalin Wang

We propose a new clustering method based on optimal transportation. We solve optimal transportation with variational principles, and investigate the use of power diagrams as transportation plans for aggregating arbitrary domains into a fixed number of clusters. We iteratively drive centroids through target domains while maintaining the minimum clustering energy by adjusting the power diagrams. Thus, we simultaneously pursue clustering and the Wasserstein distances between the centroids and the target domains, resulting in a measure-preserving mapping. We demonstrate the use of our method in domain adaptation, remeshing, and representation learning on synthetic and real data.

* Accepted to ECCV 2018 

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MICIK: MIning Cross-Layer Inherent Similarity Knowledge for Deep Model Compression

Feb 03, 2019
Jie Zhang, Xiaolong Wang, Dawei Li, Shalini Ghosh, Abhishek Kolagunda, Yalin Wang

State-of-the-art deep model compression methods exploit the low-rank approximation and sparsity pruning to remove redundant parameters from a learned hidden layer. However, they process each hidden layer individually while neglecting the common components across layers, and thus are not able to fully exploit the potential redundancy space for compression. To solve the above problem and enable further compression of a model, removing the cross-layer redundancy and mining the layer-wise inheritance knowledge is necessary. In this paper, we introduce a holistic model compression framework, namely MIning Cross-layer Inherent similarity Knowledge (MICIK), to fully excavate the potential redundancy space. The proposed MICIK framework simultaneously, (1) learns the common and unique weight components across deep neural network layers to increase compression rate; (2) preserves the inherent similarity knowledge of nearby layers and distant layers to minimize the accuracy loss and (3) can be complementary to other existing compression techniques such as knowledge distillation. Extensive experiments on large-scale convolutional neural networks demonstrate that MICIK is superior over state-of-the-art model compression approaches with 16X parameter reduction on VGG-16 and 6X on GoogLeNet, all without accuracy loss.

* 10 pages, 4 figures 

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Regularize, Expand and Compress: Multi-task based Lifelong Learning via NonExpansive AutoML

Mar 20, 2019
Jie Zhang, Junting Zhang, Shalini Ghosh, Dawei Li, Jingwen Zhu, Heming Zhang, Yalin Wang

Lifelong learning, the problem of continual learning where tasks arrive in sequence, has been lately attracting more attention in the computer vision community. The aim of lifelong learning is to develop a system that can learn new tasks while maintaining the performance on the previously learned tasks. However, there are two obstacles for lifelong learning of deep neural networks: catastrophic forgetting and capacity limitation. To solve the above issues, inspired by the recent breakthroughs in automatically learning good neural network architectures, we develop a Multi-task based lifelong learning via nonexpansive AutoML framework termed Regularize, Expand and Compress (REC). REC is composed of three stages: 1) continually learns the sequential tasks without the learned tasks' data via a newly proposed multi-task weight consolidation (MWC) algorithm; 2) expands the network to help the lifelong learning with potentially improved model capability and performance by network-transformation based AutoML; 3) compresses the expanded model after learning every new task to maintain model efficiency and performance. The proposed MWC and REC algorithms achieve superior performance over other lifelong learning algorithms on four different datasets.

* 9 pages, 6 figures 

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Large-scale Feature Selection of Risk Genetic Factors for Alzheimer's Disease via Distributed Group Lasso Regression

Apr 27, 2017
Qingyang Li, Dajiang Zhu, Jie Zhang, Derrek Paul Hibar, Neda Jahanshad, Yalin Wang, Jieping Ye, Paul M. Thompson, Jie Wang

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have achieved great success in the genetic study of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Collaborative imaging genetics studies across different research institutions show the effectiveness of detecting genetic risk factors. However, the high dimensionality of GWAS data poses significant challenges in detecting risk SNPs for AD. Selecting relevant features is crucial in predicting the response variable. In this study, we propose a novel Distributed Feature Selection Framework (DFSF) to conduct the large-scale imaging genetics studies across multiple institutions. To speed up the learning process, we propose a family of distributed group Lasso screening rules to identify irrelevant features and remove them from the optimization. Then we select the relevant group features by performing the group Lasso feature selection process in a sequence of parameters. Finally, we employ the stability selection to rank the top risk SNPs that might help detect the early stage of AD. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first distributed feature selection model integrated with group Lasso feature selection as well as detecting the risk genetic factors across multiple research institutions system. Empirical studies are conducted on 809 subjects with 5.9 million SNPs which are distributed across several individual institutions, demonstrating the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed method.


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Large-scale Collaborative Imaging Genetics Studies of Risk Genetic Factors for Alzheimer's Disease Across Multiple Institutions

Aug 19, 2016
Qingyang Li, Tao Yang, Liang Zhan, Derrek Paul Hibar, Neda Jahanshad, Yalin Wang, Jieping Ye, Paul M. Thompson, Jie Wang

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) offer new opportunities to identify genetic risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, collaborative efforts across different institutions emerged that enhance the power of many existing techniques on individual institution data. However, a major barrier to collaborative studies of GWAS is that many institutions need to preserve individual data privacy. To address this challenge, we propose a novel distributed framework, termed Local Query Model (LQM) to detect risk SNPs for AD across multiple research institutions. To accelerate the learning process, we propose a Distributed Enhanced Dual Polytope Projection (D-EDPP) screening rule to identify irrelevant features and remove them from the optimization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first successful run of the computationally intensive model selection procedure to learn a consistent model across different institutions without compromising their privacy while ranking the SNPs that may collectively affect AD. Empirical studies are conducted on 809 subjects with 5.9 million SNP features which are distributed across three individual institutions. D-EDPP achieved a 66-fold speed-up by effectively identifying irrelevant features.

* Published on the 19th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI). 2016 

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