We propose a novel method to accelerate Lloyd's algorithm for K-Means clustering. Unlike previous acceleration approaches that reduce computational cost per iterations or improve initialization, our approach is focused on reducing the number of iterations required for convergence. This is achieved by treating the assignment step and the update step of Lloyd's algorithm as a fixed-point iteration, and applying Anderson acceleration, a well-established technique for accelerating fixed-point solvers. Classical Anderson acceleration utilizes m previous iterates to find an accelerated iterate, and its performance on K-Means clustering can be sensitive to choice of m and the distribution of samples. We propose a new strategy to dynamically adjust the value of m, which achieves robust and consistent speedups across different problem instances. Our method complements existing acceleration techniques, and can be combined with them to achieve state-of-the-art performance. We perform extensive experiments to evaluate the performance of the proposed method, where it outperforms other algorithms in 106 out of 120 test cases, and the mean decrease ratio of computational time is more than 33%.
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Reducing bit-widths of weights, activations, and gradients of a Neural Network can shrink its storage size and memory usage, and also allow for faster training and inference by exploiting bitwise operations. However, previous attempts for quantization of RNNs show considerable performance degradation when using low bit-width weights and activations. In this paper, we propose methods to quantize the structure of gates and interlinks in LSTM and GRU cells. In addition, we propose balanced quantization methods for weights to further reduce performance degradation. Experiments on PTB and IMDB datasets confirm effectiveness of our methods as performances of our models match or surpass the previous state-of-the-art of quantized RNN.
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