Models, code, and papers for "Zeng Huang":

Graph Convolutional Networks for Temporal Action Localization

Sep 07, 2019
Runhao Zeng, Wenbing Huang, Mingkui Tan, Yu Rong, Peilin Zhao, Junzhou Huang, Chuang Gan

Most state-of-the-art action localization systems process each action proposal individually, without explicitly exploiting their relations during learning. However, the relations between proposals actually play an important role in action localization, since a meaningful action always consists of multiple proposals in a video. In this paper, we propose to exploit the proposal-proposal relations using Graph Convolutional Networks (GCNs). First, we construct an action proposal graph, where each proposal is represented as a node and their relations between two proposals as an edge. Here, we use two types of relations, one for capturing the context information for each proposal and the other one for characterizing the correlations between distinct actions. Then we apply the GCNs over the graph to model the relations among different proposals and learn powerful representations for the action classification and localization. Experimental results show that our approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art on THUMOS14 (49.1% versus 42.8%). Moreover, augmentation experiments on ActivityNet also verify the efficacy of modeling action proposal relationships. Codes are available at

* ICCV 2019 

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SIM: A Slot-Independent Neural Model for Dialogue State Tracking

Sep 26, 2019
Chenguang Zhu, Michael Zeng, Xuedong Huang

Dialogue state tracking is an important component in task-oriented dialogue systems to identify users' goals and requests as a dialogue proceeds. However, as most previous models are dependent on dialogue slots, the model complexity soars when the number of slots increases. In this paper, we put forward a slot-independent neural model (SIM) to track dialogue states while keeping the model complexity invariant to the number of dialogue slots. The model utilizes attention mechanisms between user utterance and system actions. SIM achieves state-of-the-art results on WoZ and DSTC2 tasks, with only 20% of the model size of previous models.

* SIGDial 2019 
* 6 pages, 1 figure 

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SDNet: Contextualized Attention-based Deep Network for Conversational Question Answering

Jan 02, 2019
Chenguang Zhu, Michael Zeng, Xuedong Huang

Conversational question answering (CQA) is a novel QA task that requires understanding of dialogue context. Different from traditional single-turn machine reading comprehension (MRC) tasks, CQA includes passage comprehension, coreference resolution, and contextual understanding. In this paper, we propose an innovated contextualized attention-based deep neural network, SDNet, to fuse context into traditional MRC models. Our model leverages both inter-attention and self-attention to comprehend conversation context and extract relevant information from passage. Furthermore, we demonstrated a novel method to integrate the latest BERT contextual model. Empirical results show the effectiveness of our model, which sets the new state of the art result in CoQA leaderboard, outperforming the previous best model by 1.6% F1. Our ensemble model further improves the result by 2.7% F1.

* 8 pages, 2 figures 

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Text Assisted Insight Ranking Using Context-Aware Memory Network

Nov 13, 2018
Qi Zeng, Liangchen Luo, Wenhao Huang, Yang Tang

Extracting valuable facts or informative summaries from multi-dimensional tables, i.e. insight mining, is an important task in data analysis and business intelligence. However, ranking the importance of insights remains a challenging and unexplored task. The main challenge is that explicitly scoring an insight or giving it a rank requires a thorough understanding of the tables and costs a lot of manual efforts, which leads to the lack of available training data for the insight ranking problem. In this paper, we propose an insight ranking model that consists of two parts: A neural ranking model explores the data characteristics, such as the header semantics and the data statistical features, and a memory network model introduces table structure and context information into the ranking process. We also build a dataset with text assistance. Experimental results show that our approach largely improves the ranking precision as reported in multi evaluation metrics.

* Accepted to AAAI 2019 

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Energy-Efficient Radio Resource Allocation for Federated Edge Learning

Jul 13, 2019
Qunsong Zeng, Yuqing Du, Kin K. Leung, Kaibin Huang

Edge machine learning involves the development of learning algorithms at the network edge to leverage massive distributed data and computation resources. Among others, the framework of federated edge learning (FEEL) is particularly promising for its data-privacy preservation. FEEL coordinates global model training at a server and local model training at edge devices over wireless links. In this work, we explore the new direction of energy-efficient radio resource management (RRM) for FEEL. To reduce devices' energy consumption, we propose energy-efficient strategies for bandwidth allocation and scheduling. They adapt to devices' channel states and computation capacities so as to reduce their sum energy consumption while warranting learning performance. In contrast with the traditional rate-maximization designs, the derived optimal policies allocate more bandwidth to those scheduled devices with weaker channels or poorer computation capacities, which are the bottlenecks of synchronized model updates in FEEL. On the other hand, the scheduling priority function derived in closed form gives preferences to devices with better channels and computation capacities. Substantial energy reduction contributed by the proposed strategies is demonstrated in learning experiments.

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On the Functional Equivalence of TSK Fuzzy Systems to Neural Networks, Mixture of Experts, CART, and Stacking Ensemble Regression

Mar 25, 2019
Dongrui Wu, Chin-Teng Lin, Jian Huang, Zhigang Zeng

Fuzzy systems have achieved great success in numerous applications. However, there are still many challenges in designing an optimal fuzzy system, e.g., how to efficiently train its parameters, how to improve its performance without adding too many parameters, how to balance the trade-off between cooperations and competitions among the rules, how to overcome the curse of dimensionality, etc. Literature has shown that by making appropriate connections between fuzzy systems and other machine learning approaches, good practices from other domains may be used to improve the fuzzy systems, and vice versa. This paper gives an overview on the functional equivalence between Takagi-Sugeno-Kang fuzzy systems and four classic machine learning approaches -- neural networks, mixture of experts, classification and regression trees, and stacking ensemble regression -- for regression problems. We also point out some promising new research directions, inspired by the functional equivalence, that could lead to solutions to the aforementioned problems. To our knowledge, this is so far the most comprehensive overview on the connections between fuzzy systems and other popular machine learning approaches, and hopefully will stimulate more hybridization between different machine learning algorithms.

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Make Lead Bias in Your Favor: A Simple and Effective Method for News Summarization

Jan 07, 2020
Chenguang Zhu, Ziyi Yang, Robert Gmyr, Michael Zeng, Xuedong Huang

Lead bias is a common phenomenon in news summarization, where early parts of an article often contain the most salient information. While many algorithms exploit this fact in summary generation, it has a detrimental effect on teaching the model to discriminate and extract important information. We propose that the lead bias can be leveraged in a simple and effective way in our favor to pretrain abstractive news summarization models on large-scale unlabeled corpus: predicting the leading sentences using the rest of an article. Via careful data cleaning and filtering, our transformer-based pretrained model without any finetuning achieves remarkable results over various news summarization tasks. With further finetuning, our model outperforms many competitive baseline models. Human evaluations further show the effectiveness of our method.

* 7 pages, 2 figures 

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DeepFuse: An IMU-Aware Network for Real-Time 3D Human Pose Estimation from Multi-View Image

Dec 09, 2019
Fuyang Huang, Ailing Zeng, Minhao Liu, Qiuxia Lai, Qiang Xu

In this paper, we propose a two-stage fully 3D network, namely \textbf{DeepFuse}, to estimate human pose in 3D space by fusing body-worn Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) data and multi-view images deeply. The first stage is designed for pure vision estimation. To preserve data primitiveness of multi-view inputs, the vision stage uses multi-channel volume as data representation and 3D soft-argmax as activation layer. The second one is the IMU refinement stage which introduces an IMU-bone layer to fuse the IMU and vision data earlier at data level. without requiring a given skeleton model a priori, we can achieve a mean joint error of $28.9$mm on TotalCapture dataset and $13.4$mm on Human3.6M dataset under protocol 1, improving the SOTA result by a large margin. Finally, we discuss the effectiveness of a fully 3D network for 3D pose estimation experimentally which may benefit future research.

* WACV 2020 

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An Overview of Data-Importance Aware Radio Resource Management for Edge Machine Learning

Dec 08, 2019
Dingzhu Wen, Xiaoyang Li, Qunsong Zeng, Jinke Ren, Kaibin Huang

The 5G network connecting billions of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices will make it possible to harvest an enormous amount of real-time mobile data. Furthermore, the 5G virtualization architecture will enable cloud computing at the (network) edge. The availability of both rich data and computation power at the edge has motivated Internet companies to deploy artificial intelligence (AI) there, creating the hot area of edge-AI. Edge learning, the theme of this project, concerns training edge-AI models, which endow on IoT devices intelligence for responding to real-time events. However, the transmission of high-dimensional data from many edge devices to servers can result in excessive communication latency, creating a bottleneck for edge learning. Traditional wireless techniques deigned for only radio access are ineffective in tackling the challenge. Attempts to overcome the communication bottleneck has led to the development of a new class of techniques for intelligent radio resource management (RRM), called data-importance aware RRM. Their designs feature the interplay of active machine learning and wireless communication. Specifically, the metrics that measure data importance in active learning (e.g., classification uncertainty and data diversity) are applied to RRM for efficient acquisition of distributed data in wireless networks to train AI models at servers. This article aims at providing an introduction to the emerging area of importance-aware RRM. To this end, we will introduce the design principles, survey recent advancements in the area, discuss some design examples, and suggest some promising research opportunities.

* This work is an invited paper for Journal of Communications and Information Networks 

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Learning Rich Image Region Representation for Visual Question Answering

Oct 29, 2019
Bei Liu, Zhicheng Huang, Zhaoyang Zeng, Zheyu Chen, Jianlong Fu

We propose to boost VQA by leveraging more powerful feature extractors by improving the representation ability of both visual and text features and the ensemble of models. For visual feature, some detection techniques are used to improve the detector. For text feature, we adopt BERT as the language model and find that it can significantly improve VQA performance. Our solution won the second place in the VQA Challenge 2019.

* Rank 2 in VQA Challenge 2019 

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Structure-Aware 3D Hourglass Network for Hand Pose Estimation from Single Depth Image

Dec 26, 2018
Fuyang Huang, Ailing Zeng, Minhao Liu, Jing Qin, Qiang Xu

In this paper, we propose a novel structure-aware 3D hourglass network for hand pose estimation from a single depth image, which achieves state-of-the-art results on MSRA and NYU datasets. Compared to existing works that perform image-to-coordination regression, our network takes 3D voxel as input and directly regresses 3D heatmap for each joint. To be specific, we use hourglass network as our backbone network and modify it into 3D form. We explicitly model tree-like finger bone into the network as well as in the loss function in an end-to-end manner, in order to take the skeleton constraints into consideration. Final estimation can then be easily obtained from voxel density map with simple post-processing. Experimental results show that the proposed structure-aware 3D hourglass network is able to achieve a mean joint error of 7.4 mm in MSRA and 8.9 mm in NYU datasets, respectively.

* BMVC 2018 

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Learning Personalized End-to-End Goal-Oriented Dialog

Nov 12, 2018
Liangchen Luo, Wenhao Huang, Qi Zeng, Zaiqing Nie, Xu Sun

Most existing works on dialog systems only consider conversation content while neglecting the personality of the user the bot is interacting with, which begets several unsolved issues. In this paper, we present a personalized end-to-end model in an attempt to leverage personalization in goal-oriented dialogs. We first introduce a Profile Model which encodes user profiles into distributed embeddings and refers to conversation history from other similar users. Then a Preference Model captures user preferences over knowledge base entities to handle the ambiguity in user requests. The two models are combined into the Personalized MemN2N. Experiments show that the proposed model achieves qualitative performance improvements over state-of-the-art methods. As for human evaluation, it also outperforms other approaches in terms of task completion rate and user satisfaction.

* Accepted by AAAI 2019 

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Auto-Conditioned Recurrent Networks for Extended Complex Human Motion Synthesis

Jul 09, 2018
Zimo Li, Yi Zhou, Shuangjiu Xiao, Chong He, Zeng Huang, Hao Li

We present a real-time method for synthesizing highly complex human motions using a novel training regime we call the auto-conditioned Recurrent Neural Network (acRNN). Recently, researchers have attempted to synthesize new motion by using autoregressive techniques, but existing methods tend to freeze or diverge after a couple of seconds due to an accumulation of errors that are fed back into the network. Furthermore, such methods have only been shown to be reliable for relatively simple human motions, such as walking or running. In contrast, our approach can synthesize arbitrary motions with highly complex styles, including dances or martial arts in addition to locomotion. The acRNN is able to accomplish this by explicitly accommodating for autoregressive noise accumulation during training. Our work is the first to our knowledge that demonstrates the ability to generate over 18,000 continuous frames (300 seconds) of new complex human motion w.r.t. different styles.

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MEnet: A Metric Expression Network for Salient Object Segmentation

May 15, 2018
Shulian Cai, Jiabin Huang, Delu Zeng, Xinghao Ding, John Paisley

Recent CNN-based saliency models have achieved great performance on public datasets, however, most of them are sensitive to distortion (e.g., noise, compression). In this paper, an end-to-end generic salient object segmentation model called Metric Expression Network (MEnet) is proposed to overcome this drawback. Within this architecture, we construct a new topological metric space, with the implicit metric being determined by the deep network. In this way, we succeed in grouping all the pixels within the observed image semantically within this latent space into two regions: a salient region and a non-salient region. With this method, all feature extractions are carried out at the pixel level, which makes the output boundaries of salient object fine-grained. Experimental results show that the proposed metric can generate robust salient maps that allow for object segmentation. By testing the method on several public benchmarks, we show that the performance of MEnet has achieved good results. Furthermore, the proposed method outperforms previous CNN-based methods on distorted images.

* 7 pages,7 figures, 4 tables; The paper has been accepted by International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI),2018 

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Saliency Detection with Spaces of Background-based Distribution

Mar 17, 2016
Tong Zhao, Lin Li, Xinghao Ding, Yue Huang, Delu Zeng

In this letter, an effective image saliency detection method is proposed by constructing some novel spaces to model the background and redefine the distance of the salient patches away from the background. Concretely, given the backgroundness prior, eigendecomposition is utilized to create four spaces of background-based distribution (SBD) to model the background, in which a more appropriate metric (Mahalanobis distance) is quoted to delicately measure the saliency of every image patch away from the background. After that, a coarse saliency map is obtained by integrating the four adjusted Mahalanobis distance maps, each of which is formed by the distances between all the patches and background in the corresponding SBD. To be more discriminative, the coarse saliency map is further enhanced into the posterior probability map within Bayesian perspective. Finally, the final saliency map is generated by properly refining the posterior probability map with geodesic distance. Experimental results on two usual datasets show that the proposed method is effective compared with the state-of-the-art algorithms.

* 5 pages, 6 figures, Accepted by IEEE Signal Processing Letters in March 2016 

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$M^3$T: Multi-Modal Continuous Valence-Arousal Estimation in the Wild

Feb 07, 2020
Yuan-Hang Zhang, Rulin Huang, Jiabei Zeng, Shiguang Shan, Xilin Chen

This report describes a multi-modal multi-task ($M^3$T) approach underlying our submission to the valence-arousal estimation track of the Affective Behavior Analysis in-the-wild (ABAW) Challenge, held in conjunction with the IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG) 2020. In the proposed $M^3$T framework, we fuse both visual features from videos and acoustic features from the audio tracks to estimate the valence and arousal. The spatio-temporal visual features are extracted with a 3D convolutional network and a bidirectional recurrent neural network. Considering the correlations between valence / arousal, emotions, and facial actions, we also explores mechanisms to benefit from other tasks. We evaluated the $M^3$T framework on the validation set provided by ABAW and it significantly outperforms the baseline method.

* 6 pages, technical report; submission to ABAW Challenge at FG 2020 

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Learning Rate Dropout

Dec 05, 2019
Huangxing Lin, Weihong Zeng, Xinghao Ding, Yue Huang, Chenxi Huang, John Paisley

The performance of a deep neural network is highly dependent on its training, and finding better local optimal solutions is the goal of many optimization algorithms. However, existing optimization algorithms show a preference for descent paths that converge slowly and do not seek to avoid bad local optima. In this work, we propose Learning Rate Dropout (LRD), a simple gradient descent technique for training related to coordinate descent. LRD empirically aids the optimizer to actively explore in the parameter space by randomly setting some learning rates to zero; at each iteration, only parameters whose learning rate is not 0 are updated. As the learning rate of different parameters is dropped, the optimizer will sample a new loss descent path for the current update. The uncertainty of the descent path helps the model avoid saddle points and bad local minima. Experiments show that LRD is surprisingly effective in accelerating training while preventing overfitting.

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